The Role Of Cyber Forensics In Criminal Offenses

Behind every crime that happens with each passing day, there are only two most significant asked questions; How did the incident happen, and how can it be prevented in the future? The answers to these questions clearly depend on the severity of the incident. You might need stronger tools to answer the first question. That is when the role of forensics becomes significant.

The ever-advancing surge of technology is challenging the archaic ways of collecting and generating evidence. The fragile and vulnerable structure of the Internet, coupled with the intangible nature of digital evidence, has been posing obstacles in collecting and preserving digital evidence. The lack of expertise and the dearth of adequate techno legal skills have undisputedly led to a rise in the cyber crimes in the nation. To alleviate the issue altogether, we must pay more attention towards collecting, analyzing, and presenting evidence through the aid of cyber forensics. Let us delve into the finer details.

All about the cyber crimes

With the ever-evolving and ever sprouting technology, a plethora of cybercrimes and threats are coming up every other day. For the cyber forensic investigators to invest them, it is vital to categorize them first.

Classification of Cyber Crimes

Talking about cybercrimes, they can be classified into four groups.

1.Crimes against the individuals: These include the crimes that are committed by the cybercriminals against an individual or a person. Here is a list of cyber crimes against individuals:

  • Fraud

  • Email spoofing

  • Harassment via electronic mails

  • Cyber-stalking

  • Dissemination of obscene material

  • Indecent exposure

  • Unauthorized access over the computer system

2. Crime against Organization- These include all those crimes that are committed to threaten the Government or any other organization by using internet facilities. Spreading terror among people is one of the most significant objectives of crimes against the organization. Cybercrimes against Government include a cyber attack on the government website, cyber terrorism, or even the attack on a military website. The crime against the organization can also include:

  • Distribution of Pirate Software

  • Possession of unauthorized information

  • Unauthorized access over the computer system

  • Cyber terrorism against the government organization.

3. Crime against Property: These types of crimes include vandalism of computers, property crimes, online threatening, etc. Crimes against property include:

  • Transmitting virus

  • Computer vandalism

  • Net-trespass

  • Internet thefts

  • Unauthorized access

  • Software piracy, Trademark infringement, Copyright infringement.

4. Crime against Society- Those cybercrimes that make an impact on society are known as cyber crimes against society. These include:

  • Forgery

  • Online gambling

  • Trafficking

  • Child pornography

  • Indecent exposure of polluting the youth financial crimes

  • Sale of illegal attacks

Distinguishing between Cybercrime and Traditional Crime

  • Perpetrator- The difference between cybercrime and traditional crime is the description of the perpetrators. The hackers in cybercrimes are educated hackers, professional thieves, and organized criminal gangs as compared to conventional crimes.
  • The types of crimes- Both the crimes, the cyber ones and the traditional ones, are different from each other in many ways. Cybercrimes are harder to investigate, detect, and prosecute. This is the reason for cyber crimes, causing more significant damage to the entire society.

  • Evidence- The other difference is based on evidence of the offenses. In traditional crimes, there are chances that the criminals might leave the crime they committed in the form of fingerprints and other physical proof. But the cybercriminals commit the offense through the Internet, therefore there are much fewer chances of leaving any evidence.

  • Physical force- These terms can be differentiated based on the physical force. The traditional crimes like murder, rape, burglary use physical force, often leading to physical injury on the victim. While in cybercrime, there is no need for any physical force on the victim.

Reasons why people commit cybercrimes

  • Ideologically motivated cybercrime

There are a plethora of crimes that are committed for ethical, ideological, or moral reasons. For instance, when a hacktivist group “Anonymous” sent a series of bot attacks on the financial companies’ servers, Visa, MasterCard, and PayPal refused to let the card and account holders make any contributions.

  • Economically motivated cybercrime

Cybercriminals tend to sway towards committing a crime because of a plethora of factors. The money is one of the most significant element of them all. Cybercriminals engage themselves in malware, phishing, fraudulent money request attacks, and identity theft. Using cryptocurrency for small transactions and wire transfers for more considerable amounts, the criminals are advancing themselves with each passing day.

  • Personally motivated cybercrime

There are a plethora of personal reasons that are responsible for criminals committing cybercrimes. Letting out the frustrations and stress can be one of the reasons.

Cyber forensics- Tools and Tasking

With the advancement in technology, more and more users are going mobile and are utilizing interconnected devices. This is making the computers at the center of all incidents and investigations. By the end of this article; you will be well-acquainted with the overview of computer forensics and the methods applied in the acquisition of digital evidence.

The difference between a crime and cybercrime is that when a cyber attack happens, the evidence can be easily found in digital devices. Cyber forensic investigators have expertise in investigating encrypted data using various types of software and tools.

Talking about Digital forensic services

Digital Data Forensics is a science. It requires extracting electronic information, which can be both visible to hidden and normal users in the protected areas of a device. With the advancement in technology, today’s digital devices have become a critical aspect of our work and home environment. Therefore, it must not be a surprising fact that almost all the evidence is stored and can be found on the devices.

Why do businesses need a professional Forensic data recovery service?

Most of the people still assume that deleting a file will permanently remove the data from a device. And this baseless evidence is a critical mistake that can lead to significant changes in criminal and civil cases. There are chances that the deleted data might be overlooked at times. Here are 5 ways a forensic data recovery service can help build your case.

  • Almost any memory-based device can be analyzed

Often forensic data analysis is overlooked because people tend to underestimate the number of data sources that can be analyzed in a case. You cannot imagine the list of devices that can be requested through the court to be analyzed. Files existing on USB drives, external hard drives, smartwatches can all be extracted and used. No matter the type of file, history, pictures, videos, powerpoint presentations, all of them can be obtained with forensic data recovery services. Even small details from these documents can build up a case.

  • Deleted files can be recovered

If you hire a professional forensic data recovery service like CBL Tech, you are most likely to not go through a hassle. A person might think that a text message or a photo is gone after they have deleted it from the phone, but that is not true. The truth is that data recovery analysts can recover the file to use them in court. This technique can be used in cases dealing with child support, harassment, divorce, breach of contract, and much more.

  • Data Integrity will be preserved

If you hire a professional data recovery service, you are assured that the integrity of your data is protected. One crucial rule for using electronic data in a case is that the recovery does not alter the evidence. The professionals use a write-blocker when extracting the data to ensure that that the data is not modified in any way. While seeking professional services, you have to keep in mind all the protocols that have explicitly been approved for data analysis and recovery. This protocol must be used or clearly stated as to why the extraction deviated from standard protocol. It is recommended you hire a forensic data recovery service that specializes in extracting data.

  • Specialists can search for the unknown

When you hire a professional data recovery service, there are chances that the specialists do it with the utmost reliability. The data analysts are specially trained to sift through vast collections of data stored on a device. They are able to look for the data that would be useful in a case.

  • Hidden and deleted data can be found

It is recommended you hire a professional recovery service so as to outsource the work of collecting data. The collection of the data must be done by a third party that has no interest in it. Data collection involves more than technical knowledge of how to extract files. The specialists have expertise in looking for deleted or hidden files.

Summing it up

The role of cyber forensics in criminal investigations is growing with each passing second. And if you hire professional forensic services such as CBL Tech, you are most likely to get the advantage of retrieving all the information that you might need for the case. This task might seem difficult unless handled by the experts.